An introduction to a concussion a bruise to the brain

Buckling your seat belt. C by Gary Cordingley. This type of injury has a poor prognosis if the patient is comatoseeven with no apparent causes for the coma.

The degree of damage depends on the depth and location of the laceration, as well as on whether associated blood vessels and cranial nerves suffer damage.

Because emotions are also produced by interactions among brain cells, the concussed patient might show tearfulness, irritability or other changes in behavior as a result of the injury. The GCS is a point test that assesses your mental status.

If the child is nauseous or has vomited, try offering small amounts of clear liquids at a time such as soda, clear juice and gelatin to help re-hydrate. However, they may get delayed hydrocephalus as a result of blockage of the flow of cerebrospinal fluid.

Many children that acquire a mild brain injury will heal and go on to have few, if any issues. Surgery It may be necessary to do emergency surgery to prevent further damage to your brain.

Cerebral contusion

Because arteries bleed quickly, this type of injury can cause significant bleeding within the skull and require emergency surgery. An ice bag or cold pack can be applied to the area for 20 minutes at a time. Diffuse axonal injury Diffuse axonal injury DAI refers to impaired function and eventual loss of axons the long extensions of nerve cells, which enable them to communicate with one another.

Repeat things if necessary. So while cerebral contusions and concussions are different from each other, a victim of head trauma might be unlucky enough to have both. In particular, you should always seek immediate medical attention if you experience any of the following: Avoiding this syndrome should be paramount in deciding when an athlete can safely play sports again, noted Dr.

Encourage the child to lie down or rest in a quiet, dimly lit place. Hergenroeder noted, that could explain why teenage girls and women do not appear as susceptible to SIS. The information provided is intended only as general information. Only one person should speak at a time. Adult, child and adolescent athletes with a concussion also should not return to play on the same day as the injury.

These rats become smarter, as seen by the smaller amount of time they need to complete a maze, compared to those raised in a relatively boring environment, Dr.

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In particular, you should always seek immediate medical attention if you experience any of the following: Adjacent contusions can also coalesce via further oozing of blood to produce larger blood-deposits.

Sometimes the skull is broken at the site of a contusion, but not always. How is a head injury treated? Motion can sometimes make a head injury worse. Changes in play and school behaviors — an increase in problem behaviors may indicate a need to acquire coping strategies.

A conference of experts in sports medicine recommended these steps:Contusion Overview. 1. Basics A contusion of the brain, referred to as a cerebral contusion, is when brain tissue is bruised. This is caused by great impact to the head and most often sustained in the cortical tissue of the brain, which are the areas near sharp ridges of the skull.

What is a concussion?

A head injury is any sort of injury to your brain, skull, or scalp. This can range from a mild bump or bruise to a traumatic brain injury. Common head injuries include concussions, skull fractures.

Head Injury

A concussion is a mild Traumatic Brain Injury = mTBI A concussion is caused by a blow to the head, face, neck, or somewhere else on the body thatcauses the head and brain to move rapidly back and forth. Brain bruising, also known as a cerebral contusion, can have lasting effects for hours, days, weeks, and months after an initial injury as a result of damage to the tissue in the brain.

This can include post- concussion syndrome, nerve damage, and behavioral changes, among other effects. A concussion is a traumatic brain injury that affects your brain function. Effects are usually temporary but can include headaches and problems with concentration, memory, balance and coordination.

Concussions are usually caused by a blow to the head. Violently shaking the head and upper body also can cause concussions. A bruise, or contusion, is caused when blood vessels are damaged or broken as the result of a blow to the skin (be it bumping against something or hitting yourself with a hammer).

The raised area of a bump or bruise results from blood leaking from these injured blood vessels into the tissues as well as from the body's response to the injury.

An introduction to a concussion a bruise to the brain
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