After Henry's death, Edward his son was dominated by advisors who pushed England toward Calvinism. Historians attribute the outbreak to several factors—rivalries between families, a clash of values between a small farming community like Salem Village and the more cosmopolitan commercial center of Salem, and the ties between many of the accused with Anglicans, Quakers, and Baptists, whom the Puritans considered heretics.
Moreover, it proved difficult to attract settlers to the Carolinas; it was not untilafter a series of violent Indian wars had subsided, that the population began to increase substantially. It taught reading, writing and keeping of accounts.
Almost overnight, they founded a half dozen towns, setting up churches on the congregationalist pattern under the Reverend John Cotton. North Carolinaalthough less oriented toward the market economy than South Carolina, was nevertheless one of the principal suppliers of naval stores.
Gilbert did not survive the return journey to England, and was succeeded by his half-brother, Walter Raleighwho was granted his own patent by Elizabeth in In order to prevent merchants from shipping the enumerated articles from colony to colony in the coastal trade and then taking them to a foreign country, in Parliament required that merchants post bond guaranteeing that those goods would be taken only to England.
Plymouth Plantation was the first permanent settlement in New England, but beyond that distinction, its place in American history is somewhat exaggerated. For instance, Hobsbawm saw the problems of 17th-century Europe as being social and economic in origin — an emphasis than Trevor-Roper would not concede.
In Virginia the slave population leaped from about 2, in to perhaps 23, in and reachedon the eve of the American Revolution. By the fall ofmore than 20 victims, including several men, had been executed, and more than others were in jail -- among them some of the town's most prominent citizens.
These provincial leaders undoubtedly represented the interests of their constituents more faithfully than any royal official could, but it is clear that the politics of provincial America were hardly democratic by modern standards.
A population that had been predominantly Protestant and English now included French-speaking Catholics from Quebec, and large numbers of partly Christianized Indians. English agricultural had once been dominated by farm types growing grain on land owned by others.
Yet, the assumption of self-government in the colonies did not go entirely unchallenged. Salem's obscure struggle for social and political power between older traditional groups and a newer commercial class was one repeated in communities throughout American history.
Logan was secretary of the colony, and it was in his fine library that young Franklin found the latest scientific works.
Nevertheless, the hysteria grew, in large measure because the court permitted witnesses to testify that they had seen the accused as spirits or in visions. In these three communities joined with a fourth in Portsmouth under one charter to become one colony called Providence Plantation in Narragansett Bay.
The legislatures used these rights to check the power of royal governors and to pass other measures to expand their power and influence.
There the settlers quickly learned to combine agriculture and commerce, and the marketplace became a major source of prosperity. Hostilities ceased after the Glorious Revolution of when the Dutch William of Orange ascended the English throne, bringing peace between the Netherlands and England.
For a while it appeared that another war would be inevitable, but the two countries reached an agreement on their respective spheres of influence in the region in and on all outstanding matters in with the signing of the Anglo-Russian Entente.
Although life in Massachusetts was made difficult for those who dissented from the prevailing orthodoxy, it was marked by a feeling of attachment and community for those who lived within the enforced consensus of the society.
A near civil war broke out and order was not restored untilwhen Lord Baltimore was returned to power. Puritan leaders called her and her supporters Antinomians—individuals opposed to the rule of law. As mixed as the people were in Pennsylvania, New York best illustrated the polyglot nature of America.
Under the Act, slaves were granted full emancipation after a period of four to six years of "apprenticeship". He could tax on those not going to church. In those colonies with royal governors—the number of those colonies grew from one in to eight in —the crown possessed a mechanism by which to ensure that royal policy was enforced.
The other colonies that had come under the Dominion of New England quickly reinstalled their previous governments.
The Granger Collection, New York When the Quakers purchased East Jersey, they also acquired the tract of land that was to become Delawarein order to protect their water route to Pennsylvania. In addition, the intellectual and religious changes introduced by the Renaissance and the Protestant Reformation were important secondary causes of the "general crisis".
When these tendencies or any other hinting at deviation from orthodox Puritan doctrine developed, those holding them were either quickly corrected or expelled from the colony.
The Fundamental Constitutions was abandoned in and replaced by a frame of government diminishing the powers of the proprietors and increasing the prerogatives of the provincial assembly. The East India Company had failed to implement any coordinated policy to deal with the famines during its period of rule.The economic policy that most European kingdoms and adopted in the 17th century, which looked upon trade, colonies, and the accumulation of wealth as the basis for a country's military and political strength.
New England Colonies Certainly what those early colonists wanted was the freedom to worship God as they deemed proper, but they did not extend that freedom to everyone. Those who expressed a different approach to religious worship were not welcome. Period 2: – 23 Period 2: – Chapter 2 The Thirteen Colonies and the British Empire, – Chapter 3 Colonial Society in the 18th Century I n a period of almost years during the 17th and 18th centuries, the British established 13 colonies along the Atlantic coast that provided a.
The number of African slaves in the colonies dropped from the 17th to the 18th century. d. Byslaves made up more than 20 percent of the total population. Between and the population in the English colonies increased fromto one million.
In the seventeenth century most of the immigrants to English North America came from England. england in the 16th and 17th centuries [Revised and partly edited, January 20,September 17, and September 14, ] 17th century England was troubled by the same kinds of problems as the rest of Europe--political, economic, and social tension made worse by religious division.Download